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TurkeyTurkey - Travel Guide

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Turkey Information:

Turkey (Turkiye in Turkish) is a country located at a point where the 3 continents of the old world (Asia, Africa and Europe) are closest to each other and where Asia and Europe meet. Official Name Republic of Turkey Date of Foundation 29 October 1923 Capital Ankara.

Largest Cities: Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Adana, Antalya
Area: 814.578 km2
Geographical Coordinates: Eastern Meridians 26° and 45° and Northern Parallels 36° and 42°.
Coastal Borders: Mediterranean Sea in the south, Aegean Sea in the west and Black Sea in the north.
Language: The official language is Turkish. English is widely spoken in major cities.
Currency: ₺ (Turkish Lira).
Time Zone: GMT+2; CET +1; and EST (US -East) +7
Business Hours: The workweek in Turkey runs from Monday to Friday. Banks, government offices and majority of corporate offices open at 9 AM and close at 5 PM.
Public Holidays: There are two types of public holidays in Turkey. Those that fall on the same day each year; and the religious festivals, which change according to the lunar calendar and, therefore, fall on different dates each year. 1 January, 23 April, 1 May, 19 May, 30 August. 30 August – 1st September 2011
Greater Eid: 7-9 November 2011
Visas: Visas are easily obtained upon arrival at the air­port and are required for citizens of most countries.
Electricity :220V. European standard round two-pin sockets.
Health Services: Cities and major touristic towns have a selection of private inter­national and public hospitals with good standards.
Food : As with many Mediterranean nations Turkish food is very healthy, fresh and enjoyable.
Water: Tap water is chlorinated and, therefore, safe to drink. However, it is recommended that you consume bottled water, which is readily and cheaply available.
Communications: Turkey has three GSM operators, all of them offering 3G services and almost 95% coverage over the country.
Internet service: is available all around the country.
International Dial Code: +90
The official language: of the country is Turkish.It is spoken by 220 million people and is the fifth most widely spoken language in the world. Today's Turkish has evolved from dialects known since the 11th century and is one of the group of languages known as Ural-Altaic, which includes Finnish and Hungarian. Turkish is written with the Latin alphabet with the addition of six different characters. İt's completely phonetic, i.e. each letter of the alphabet has only one sound, so each word sounds exactly how it is written. During Ottoman times Turkish was written in Arabic script, that made a limit for a number of people who were able to write. In order to improve literacy and therefore to overcome the difficulties of learning and reading Turkish using Arabic script, Turkey switched to the Latin alphabet following Atatürk's initiative started in 1928.

Turkey has so much to offer its visitors - breathtaking natural beauties, unique historical and archaeological places, steadily improving hotel and touristic infrastructure and a tradition of hospitality and competitive prices. Therefore, it is not surprising that this country has recently become one of the most popular tourism destination of the world. Due to Turkey's diverse geography, one can experience four different climates in any one day. The rectangular shaped country which is surrounded on three sides by the three different seas. Its shores are laced with beaches, bays, coves, ports, islands and peninsulas. The summers are long, lasting as long as the eight months in some areas.

Turkey is also blessed with majestic mountains and valleys, lakes, rivers, waterfalls and grottoes perfect for winter, summer tourism and the sports of all kinds. Skiing fans, mountain climbers, trekkers, hikers and hunters are able to enjoy take a new and unforgettable experiences in Turkey.

Turkey is, above anything else, a huge open-air museum, a repository of all the civilizations nurtured by the soils of Anatolia. The huge amount of the historical and archaeological wealth in Turkey seems more appropriate for an entire continent than a single country. Recently, a new field of tourism has opened up in Turkey. İt is a health tourism. The country is in fact rich with hot springs, healing waters and healing muds, which come highly recommended by the medical authorities as a remedy for many diseases. For centuries, Turkey has also been a crossroads of religions, not only of Islam and Christianity, but also of many others now forgotten by history. Many religious devotees can find a site, a shrine, a monument, a tomb or a ruin connected with their faith or belief English language has replaced by French and German as the chief secondary language taught in schools and is becoming more widespread. İt is widely spoken and understood by the most of the people all over the Turkish territory. German, Russian and French are also spoken especially in the popular holiday destinations.

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